Fauna of North India
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Delhi Himachal Pradesh
Haryana Jammu & Kashmir Uttaranchal

Mammals: Primates are represented by the Bandar (rhesus macaque) and the Common Langur (Presbytis entellus). The carnivore found in the state are the Leopard (Panthera pardus), Jungle cat (Felis chaus), the small Indian Civet (Viverricula indica), the Common Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsi), Geedar or Jackal (Canis aureus) and the Indian Fox. The state has deer like the Barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak), Sambar (Cervus unicolor), Chital (Axis axis) and antelopes like Neelgai (Blue Bull) and Black Buck. Most of the bigger wild life, including the Wild Boar is found in the forests of Morni Hills, Kalesar forest, Saraswati Plantation and the Aravali hills region, while the birds can be seen at Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary and Bhindawas Sanctuary.

The Gray Musk Shrew or Chachunder (Suncus murinus) and two species of bats, the Common Yellow Bat and the Tickell's Bat are usually seen. The Gilheri or five stripped Palm Squirrel (Funambulus palmarum), Seh or Indian porcupine (Hystrix indica), the Indian Gerbil, the House Rat (Rattus rattus) and the common house mouse are the common rodents found. Sassa, the Indian hare (Lepus nigricollis) is also found in the bushes.

Birds of north India

Game Birds: Various types of ducks and geese such as Graylag Goose, Bar-headed Goose, Brahminy Duck, Northern Pintail, Common Shelduck, Mallard, Gadwall, Eurasian Wigeon, Blue winged Teal, Shoveller, Common Pochard, Ferruginous Duck and Tufted Duck can be seen at the Ghaggar an tanks during winter. Some other ducks such as Comb Duck, Common Teal, Spot-billed Duck, Tree duck are found throughout the year at suitable habitat. Dabchick is also a residential bird. Other Game Birds like Grey Francolin (Teetar), Black Francolin (Kala Teetar) and quails are also common. Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse has been noted as a resident (Indian Sand grouse) as well as visitor birds. Common Green Pigeon (Hariyal) is found in vicinity of villages chiefly on Ficus trees and Blue Rock Pigeon occurs in almost all the villages. Oriental Turtle Dove is a winter visitor whereas the Laughing Dove is found near cultivated fields.

Scavenger and Predator Birds: Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, White backed Vulture, King Vulture, Tawny Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, White Eyed Buzzard Eagle, House Crow and Jungle Crow etc., keep the state cleared of dead animals by feeding on them. Scavenger Vulture feed on dead animals keeping the area clean. Predators like Black-winged Kite, Shikra, Lagger Falcon, Shahin Falcon, Merlin and Kestrel are residential birds of the state. Others like Booted Eagle, Eastern Steppe Eagle, Pale Harrier etc visit the state in winter. These along with Spotted Owlet and Eurasian Eagle Owl keep a check on the population of rodent pests and various insect pests.

Colorful Birds: The common colorful birds such as Indian Roller (Neelkanth), Northern Green Barbet, Coppersmith Barbet, Northern Golden backed Woodpecker, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Alexandrine Parakeet, Rose-ringed Parakeet, Pied Crested Cuckoo, Koel, Kingfishers such as Common Kingfisher, White breasted Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Red-vented Bulbul, Lal Munia (Red Avadat), Purple sunbird,  Indian Spotted Munia and Crested Bunting etc., along with National Bird of India, the Blue Peafowl, add beauty to the varied wildlife of the state. Besides, some other birds like White Storks, storks, cranes, White Ibis and egrets and Yellow-wattled Lapwings are also found in the region.

Snakes: The poisonous snakes like common Indian Krait, Russell's Viper, Phoosra and other snakes like Blind Snake, Indian Python, John's sand boa, wolf snake, rat snake and sand snake are found in Haryana.

Lizards: The common lizards can be seen in the houses. Kirla or girgit is found in the lawns and hedges and attracts the attention by changing its colors. Sanda is found in sandy areas. Indian Freshwater Crocodile can be seen in many of the rivers. Besides, a few other types of lizards are found in bushes and areas of thick vegetation.

Tortoise: Two species of tortoises are also found in the region.

Frogs: The common frogs found in Haryana are Indian Bull Frog, Indian Cricket Frog, Indian Burrowing Frog and common Toad.

Fish: The different water courses of the state abound with many species of fish. The species important point of view of food and game are the feather back fisx parri, katla, mrigal, chunni, bata, siriha, ghally, mallee, and the snake-head fish, dolla and curd.


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